HPV Vaccination

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted pathogen that causes anogenital and oropharyngeal disease in males and females. Persistent viral infection with high-risk HPV genotypes causes virtually all cancers of the cervix. The high-risk HPV genotypes (or “types”) 16 and 18 cause approximately 70 percent of all cervical cancers worldwide, and types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 cause an additional 20 percent. HPV types 16 and 18 also cause nearly 90 percent of anal cancers and a significant proportion of oropharyngeal cancer, vulvar and vaginal cancer, and penile cancer. HPV types 6 and 11 cause approximately 90 percent of anogenital warts.

Vaccines have been de


AVAILABLE VACCINES
 — Three different vaccines, which vary in the number of HPV types they contain and target, have been clinically developed, although not all are available in all locations:veloped to protect against acquisition of HPV infection and development of subsequent HPV-associated disease.

● Quadrivalent HPV vaccine (Gardasil) targets HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18.

● 9-valent vaccine (Gardasil 9) targets the same HPV types as the quadrivalent vaccine (6, 11, 16, and 18) as well as types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.

● Bivalent vaccine (Cervarix) targets HPV types 16 and 18.

Cancer-causing infection

HPV spreads through sexual contact with someone who is already infected. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “almost every person who is sexually-active will get HPV at some time in their life if they don’t get the HPV vaccine.”
In women, persistent HPV infections can eventually develop into cervical cancer — the fourth most frequent cancer in women globally.
The vaccine is typically given to girls at age 12 or 13, as it works more effectively then.
It’s a simple vaccine, just a mimic of the virus particle, that when administered into your muscle creates many more antibodies than you’d get during a natural infection.

6 Reasons to Get HPV Vaccine for Your Child

CDC recommends two doses of HPV vaccination at ages 11-12 to protect against cancers caused by HPV infections. See six important reasons to get HPV vaccine for your child, and talk to your child’s doctor or nurse about HPV cancer prevention at ages 11-12.

HPV is common virus that infects teens and adults. 80% of people will get an HPV infection in their lifetime. CDC logo. HPV vaccine is cancer prevention.

  1. HPV is common. Almost every person who is sexually active will acquire HPV at some time in their life without HPV vaccination. About 14 million Americans, including teens, become infected with HPV each year.While most HPV infections will go away on their own, infections that don’t go away can cause certain types of cancer in men and women. HPV can cause:
    • cancers of the cervix, vagina, and vulva in women;
    • cancers of the penis in men; and
    • cancers of the anus and back of the throat (including the base of the tongue and tonsils) in men and women.

 

 

 

HPV vaccination works. 71%. Infections with HPV types that cause most HPV cancers and genital warts have dropped 71 percent among teen girls. CDC logo. HPV vaccine is cancer prevention.

  1. HPV vaccination is preventing cancer-causing infections. Since HPV vaccination was introduced over 10 years ago, HPV infections have dropped signi­ficantly. Infections with HPV types that cause most HPV cancers and genital warts have dropped 71 percent among teen girls.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HPV Vaccination prevents cancer. 30,000 cases of cancer could be prevented with HPV vaccination each year. Same as the average attendance for a baseball game. CDC logo. HPV vaccine is cancer prevention.

  1. HPV vaccination is cancer prevention. HPV causes over 33,700 cases of cancer in men and women every year in the U.S. HPV vaccination can prevent over 90% (31,200) of these cancers from ever developing by preventing the infections that cause those cancers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preventing cancer is better than treating it. HPV infections can cause six types of cancer, but doctors only routinely screen for cervical cancer. The other five types may not be detected until they cause health problems. CDC logo. HPV vaccine is cancer prevention.

  1. Getting HPV vaccine for your child now is better than treating an HPV cancer later in life. While doctors routinely screen for cervical cancer, there are no recommended cancer screening tests to detect the other five types of cancers caused by HPV. HPV vaccination can prevent these cancers from ever developing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your child can get protection from HPV cancers during the same visit they are protected against other serious diseases. CDC logo. HPV vaccine is cancer prevention.

  1. Three vaccines are recommended for 11-12 year olds to protect against the infections that can cause meningitis, HPV cancers, and whooping cough.You can take advantage of any visit to your child’s doctor get recommended vaccines for your child, including sports physicals or annual checkups before the school year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HPV vaccination provides safe, effective, and long-lasting protection. With nearly 100 million doses distributed in the U.S., data continues to show HPV vaccine is safe and effective. CDC logo. HPV vaccine is cancer prevention.
  1. You can give your child safe, effective, and long-lasting protection from cancers caused by HPV with two doses of HPV vaccine at ages 11-12. With over 100 million doses distributed in the United States, HPV vaccine has a reassuring safety record that’s backed by 10 years of monitoring and research.Like any vaccine or medicine, HPV vaccines can cause side effects. The most common side effects are mild and include pain, redness, or swelling in the arm where the shot was given; dizziness, fainting, nausea, and headache. Fainting after any vaccine, including HPV vaccine, is more common among adolescents.To prevent fainting and injuries related to fainting, adolescents should be seated or lying down during vaccination and remain in that position for 15 minutes after the vaccine is given. The benefits of HPV vaccination far outweigh any potential risk of side effects.